Solar eclipses 2022 : When, where & how to see them

Solar eclipses 2022 : When, where & how to see them : The next solar eclipse will be a partial solar eclipse on Oct. 25, 2022, and will be visible from parts of Europe, western Asia and northeast Africa. 

The next totality will take place on April 8, 2023, during a hybrid solar eclipse. These rare eclipses are a combination of an annular eclipse and a total solar eclipse. “During the event, a “ring of fire” will be visible for a few seconds in the Indian and Pacific oceans, with totality in Exmouth, Western Australia (up to 1 minute), Timor Leste (1 minute 14 seconds) and West Papua (1 minute 9 seconds).” Jamie Carter, science journalist, author and solar eclipse expert told Space.com.

“The next total solar eclipse will be the “Great North American Eclipse” on Apr. 8, 2024, with the path of totality crossing Mexico, the U.S. and Canada.” Carter continued.

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon is positioned between Earth and the sun and casts a shadow over Earth. They can only occur during the phase of the new moon and make for an interesting skywatching target. 

WHAT IS PARTIAL SOLAR ECLIPSE?

A partial solar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are not exactly aligned and the Sun appears to have a dark shadow on a small part of its surface. There are three phases of a partial solar eclipse, which include a beginning, it reaching a maximum, and an end.

Tuesday’s solar eclipse will be the last one to occur this year with the first one having occurred on April 30.

The next major solar eclipse to be visible from India will be an annular eclipse on May 21, 2031 when the annularity can be observed from a narrow patch of land in south India.

Three years later, on March 20, 2034, the next total solar eclipse will be visible from India and the totality will be observed from the northernmost part of Kashmir.

DOS AND DONT’S

Extreme precaution must be taken while observing the eclipse. Although the eclipse may be visible to the naked eye, the sun’s rays can be very harmful for the eye and can become critical.

TYPES OF SOLAR ECLIPSE

There are four types of solar eclipses depending on how the sun, moon and Earth are aligned at the time of the event. A solar eclipse always occurs about two weeks before or after a lunar eclipse.  

  1. Total solar eclipse: The sun is fully obscured by the moon. 
  2. Partial solar eclipse: The moon doesn’t fully block the sun so only a portion of the sun is obscured. Here the moon appears to take a “bite” out of the sun.
  3. Annular solar eclipse: The moon is centered in front of the sun but doesn’t cover the entirety of the surface (as seen in a total solar eclipse). A “ring of fire” shines around the moon. 
  4. Hybrid solar eclipse: The rarest solar eclipse is a combination of a total and annular eclipse (sometimes known as an A-T eclipse) and is produced when the moon’s shadow moves across Earth, it starts as one type of eclipse and transitions to another. 

According to the educational website SpaceEdge Academy(opens in new tab), 28% of solar eclipses are total, 35% are partial, 32% are annular and only 5% are hybrid.  

WHAT TIME IS THE OCT. 25 SOLAR ECLIPSE?

The first location to see the partial solar eclipse begin is at 3.58 a.m. EST (08:58 UTC), the greatest point of total solar eclipse occurs at 6 a.m. EST (11:00 UTC) and it will end at 8:02 a.m. EST (13:02 UTC) at the last location to see the partial eclipse according to timeanddate(opens in new tab).

Below is a timetable for the partial solar eclipse on Oct. 25 (all times local), featuring data from timeanddate.

LocationPartial eclipse beginsMaximum eclipsePartial eclipse ends% of sun covered
Reykjavik, Iceland8:58 a.m.9:46 a.m.10:35 a.m.19%
London, United Kingdom10:08 a.m.10:59 a.m.11:51 a.m.15%
Cairo, Egypt12 p.m.1:09 p.m.2:16 p.m.26%
Moscow, Russia12:24 p.m.1:38 p.m.2:51 p.m.63%
Dubai, United Arab Emirates2:41 p.m.3:51 p.m.4:54 p.m.39%
Delhi, India4:29 p.m.5:30 p.m.5:42 p.m.44%

Future solar eclipses

YearDateType of solar eclipseVisible locations
2023Apr. 20HybridSE Asia, E. Indies, Australia, Philippines. New Zealand. Hybrid: Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea
2023Oct. 14AnnularN America, C. America, S. America
2024Apr. 8TotalN. America and C. America
2024Oct. 02AnnularPacific, S. America
2025Mar. 29PartialNW Africa, Europe, N Russia
2025Sept. 21PartialS. Pacific, New Zealand, Antarctica
2026Feb. 17AnnularS. Argentina, Chile, S. Africa, Antarctica
2026Aug. 12TotalN. America, W. Africa, Europe

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Where and when will solar eclipse be visible in India?

  • New Delhi- 04:28 PM to 05:42 PM
  • Kolkata – 04:51 PM to 05:04 PM
  • Mumbai – 04:49 PM to 06:09 PM
  • Chennai – 05:13 PM to 05:45 PM
  • Patna – 04:42 PM to 05:14 PM
  • Jaipur – 04:31 PM to 05:50 PM
  • Lucknow- 04:36 PM to 05:29 PM
  • Hyderabad- 04:58 PM to 05:48 PM
  • Bangalore – 05:12 PM to 05:56 PM
  • Ahmedabad – 04:38 PM to 06:06 PM
  • Pune – 04:51 PM to 06:06 PM
  • Bhopal – 04:42 PM to 05:47 PM
  • Chandigarh – 04:23 PM to 05:41 PM
  • Mathura – 04:31 PM to 05:41 PM

ભારતમાં સૂર્યગ્રહણ ક્યાં અને કયા સમયે દેખાશે?

  • નવી દિલ્હી- 04:28 PM થી 05:42 PM
    કોલકાતા – 04:51 PM થી 05:04 PM
    મુંબઈ – 04:49 PM થી 06:09 PM
    ચેન્નાઈ – 05:13 PM થી 05:45 PM
    પટના – 04:42 PM થી 05:14 PM
  • જયપુર – 04:31 PM થી 05:50 PM
    લખનૌ- 04:36 PM થી 05:29 PM
    હૈદરાબાદ- 04:58 PM થી 05:48 PM
    બેંગ્લોર – 05:12 PM થી 05:56 PM
    અમદાવાદ – 04:38 PM થી 06:06 PM
  • પુણે – 04:51 PM થી 06:06 PM
    ભોપાલ – 04:42 PM થી 05:47 PM
    ચંદીગઢ – 04:23 PM થી 05:41 PM
    મથુરા – 04:31 PM થી 05:41 PM
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